• Naser Mustafa Environmental Science Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna 9208, Bangladesh
  • Abdullah Harun Chowdhury Environmental Science Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna 9208




Contamination, Heavy metal, Sediments, Gher water, Satkhira


Toxic contaminants moving along with runoff usually contaminates shrimp farms in most areas of Satkhira district, southwest Bangladesh. An investigation was carried out to assess the Physico-chemical properties and heavy metal concentration of sediments and water in shrimp farms from Satkhira district, southwest Bangladesh during December 2020 to March 2021. Twelve water and sediment samples were collected from six Ghers of two Upazilla e.g., Debhata and Assasuni of Satkhira. Physico-chemical attributes such as temperature, DO, BOD5, pH, TDS, EC, turbidity, salinity, HCO3-/CO3-, SO4-, NO3-, PO4- were estimated. The concentration attributes such as TDS (2280-5250 mg/l), EC (4380-9670 µs/cm), Turbidity (50.8-348 NTU), HCO3-/CO3- (219.6-445.3 mg/l), NO3- (0.3635-1.94 mg/l) were observed to be higher than the allowable standards recommended by WHO and FAO. Five trace metals such as chromium (Cr), cadmium (Cd) copper (Cu), lead (Pb) and Zinc (Zn), were measured in sediments and water by Atomic Absorption Spectrometer. The range of metal concentrations in sediment were as follows: Cr (1.95–3.43 mg/l), Zn (205.76-265.71 mg/kg), Cu (0.60–1.1mg/kg), Cd (3.8-4.1 mg/kg), and Pb (0.92-1.11mg/kg wet weight. The range of metal concentration in water were as follows: Cr (0.1-0.8 mg/l), Zn (0.003-0.34 mg/l), Cu (0.10-0.13 mg/l), Cd (0.07-0.08 mg/l), and Pb (0.23-0.34 mg/l). Higher concentrations of metal were recorded in most of the sediment and samples of water of the studied Ghers except Cr and Cu, those were below standard as prescribed by WHO and FAO. The concentration of Cu ranges from 0.602 to 1.113 mg/kg and 0.10 to 0.13 mg/l and range of Cr concentration were 1.95 to 3.43 mg/kg and 0.156 to 0.807 mg/l in sediment and water respectively. However, Cd, Zn and Pb were higher than the allowable standard as recommended by WHO and FAO.  The higher heavy metal concentrations in water and sediment of shrimp Ghers suggest that shrimp could be contaminated by these heavy metals as well.


Download data is not yet available.


Ahmed, N., and Diana, J. S. (2015). Threatening “white gold”: Impacts of climate change on shrimp farming in coastal Bangladesh. Ocean & Coastal Management, 114, 42–52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2015.06.008

Aktaruzzaman, M., Hossain, M. S., Fakhruddin, A. N. M., Uddin, M. J., Rahman, S.H., Chowdhury, M. A. Z., and Hossain, M. A. (2013). Water and bottom sediments quality of brackish water shrimp farms in Kaliganj Upazila, Satkhira, Bangladesh. Soil Environ, 32(1).

Ali, A., Guo, D., Zhang, Y., Sun, X., Jiang, S., Guo, Z., and Zhang, Z. (2017). Using bamboo biochar with compost for the stabilization and phytotoxicity reduction of heavy metals in mine-contaminated soils of China. Scientific reports, 7(1), 2690.

Ahsanullah, M., Negilski, D. S., and Mobley, M. C. (1981). Toxicity of zinc, cadmium and copper to the shrimp Callianassa australiensis. III. Accumulation of metals. Marine Biology, 64(3), 311-316 .

Al-Busaidi, M., Yesudhason, P., Al-Mughairi, S., Al-Rahbi, W. A. K., Al-Harthy, K. S., Al-Mazrooei, N. A., & Al-Habsi, S. H. (2011). Toxic metals in commercial marine fish in Oman with reference to national and international standards. Chemosphere, 85(1), 67-73.

Ali, H., and Khan, E. (2018). Assessment of potentially toxic heavy metals and health risk in water, sediments, and different fish species of River Kabul, Pakistan. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, 24(8), 2101–2118. https://doi.org/10.1080/10807039.2018.1438175

Ali, M., Sattar, M., and Baten, M. (2012). Copper Contamination of Different Prawn Farms at Shatkhira District. Journal of Environmental Science and Natural Resources, 4(2), 105–109. https://doi.org/10.3329/jesnr.v4i2.10157

Ali, H., & Khan, E. (2017). Environmental Chemistry in the Twenty-First Century. Environmental Chemistry Letters, 15,329-346. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-016-0601-3

APHA. (1998) Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water Analysis. A.E. Greenberg, L.S. Clesceri and A.D. Eaton (eds.). American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, Water Environment Federation, Washington, D.C., USA.

Baki, M. A., Hossain, M. M., Akter, J., Quraishi, S. B., Shojib, M. F. H., Ullah, A. A., and Khan, M. F. (2018). Concentration of heavy metals in seafood (fishes, shrimp, lobster and crabs) and human health assessment in Saint Martin Island, Bangladesh. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 159, 153-163.

Bangash, F. K., and S. Alam (2004). Extent of pollutants in the effluents of Hayatabad IndustrialEstate, Peshawar. Journal of the Chemical Society of Pakistan 26.3 : 271-285.

Borrell, A., Tornero, V., Bhattacharjee, D., and Aguilar, A. (2016). Trace element accumulation and trophic relationships in aquatic organisms of the Sundarbans mangrove ecosystem (Bangladesh). Science of The Total Environment, 545–546, 414–423. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.12.046

Boyd, C.E., M.E. Terner, M. Madkour and K. Masuda.(1995). Chemical characteristics of bottom soils from freshwater and brackish water aquaculture ponds. Journal World Aquaculture Society 25: 517-534.

Chiu,Y.N., L.M. Santos and R.O. Juliano. (1988). Water quality management for intensive prawn ponds. Technical Considerations for the Management and Operation of Intensive Prawn Farms. V.P. Aquaculture Society, p. 102-128.

Csurös, M. (2002). Fast recovery of evolutionary trees with thousands of nodes. Journal of Computational Biology, 9(2), 277-297.

Dadar, M., Adel, M., Ferrante, M., Nasrollahzadeh Saravi, H., Copat, C., and Oliveri Conti, G. (2016). Potential risk assessment of trace metals accumulation in food, water and edible tissue of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) farmed in Haraz River, northern Iran. Toxin Reviews, 35(3-4), 141-146.

De Mattia G, Bravi MC, Laurenti O, De Luca O, Palmeri A, Sabatucci A, Mendico G and

Ghiselli A. Am J Ind Med (2004). Impairment of cell and plasma redox state in subjects professionally exposed to chromium. 46(2):120-5. doi: 10.1002/ajim.20044.

Dhanakumar, S., Solaraj, G., and Mohanraj, R. (2015). Heavy metal partitioning in sediments and bioaccumulation in commercial fish species of three major reservoirs of river Cauvery delta region, India. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 113, 145-151.

Duruibe, Ogwuegbu, and Egwurugwu. (2007). Heavy metal pollution and human biotoxic effects. International Journal of physical sciences, 2(5), 112-118.

FAO/WHO (1989) Evaluation of certain food additives and the contaminants mercury, lead and cadmium. WHO Technical Report Series No pp: 505.

Guhathakurta, H., and Kaviraj, A. (2000). Heavy metal concentration in water, sediment, shrimp (Penaeus monodon) and mullet (Liza parsia) in some brackish water ponds of Sunderban, India. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 40(11), 914-920.

Gupta, A., Rai, D. K., Pandey, R. S., and Sharma, B. (2009). Analysis of some heavy metals in the riverine water, sediments and fish from river Ganges at Allahabad. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 157(1), 449-458.

Himadri, G. and A. Kaviraj. 2000. Heavy metal concentration in water, sediment, shrimp (Penaeus monodon) and mullet (Liza parsia) in some brackish water ponds of Sunderban, India, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 40(11): 914-920.

Kumar, V., Singh, S., Singh, J., and Upadhyay, N. (2015). Potential of plant growth promoting traits by bacteria isolated from heavy metal contaminated soils. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 94, 807 814.

Lee, K. G., Kweon, H., Yeo, J. H., Woo, S., Han, S., and Kim, J. H. (2011). Characterization of tyrosine-rich Antheraea pernyi silk fibroin hydrolysate. International Journal of BiologicalMacromolecules,48(1),223–226. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2010.09.020

Lin LF, Doherty DH, Lile JD, Bektesh S, Collins and F.Science. (1993). GDNF: a glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor for midbrain dopaminergic neurons. 260(5111):1130-2. doi: 10.1126/science.8493557.

Matin, M. A., Chakraborty, S., Al Amin, M., and Ghosh, A. (2016). An assessment of shrimp aquaculture in selected coastal areas of Bangladesh. J. NOAMI, 33, 103-116.

Maceda-Veiga, A. (2013). Towards the conservation of freshwater fish: Iberian Rivers as an example of threats and management practices. Reviews in Fish biology and Fisheries, 23, 1-22

Olmedo, P., Hernández, A. F., Pla, A., Femia, P., Navas-Acien, A., and Gil, F. (2013). Determination of essential elements (copper, manganese, selenium and zinc) in fish and shellfish samples. Risk and nutritional assessment and mercury–selenium balance. Food and chemical toxicology, 62, 299-307.

O’Brien T, Xu J and Patierno SR. (2001). Effects of glutathione on chromium-in-duced DNA crosslinking and DNA polymerase arrest. In Molecular Mecha-nisms of Metal Toxicity and Carcinogenesis (pp. 173–182). Springer US.

Papagiannis, I., Kagalou, I., Leonardos, J., Petridis, D., and Kalfakakou, V. (2004). Copper and zinc in four freshwater fish species from Lake Pamvotis(Greece). Environment international, 30(3), 357-362.

Ramanathan, N., P. Padmavathy, T. Francis, S. Athithian and N. Selvaranjitham (2005). Manual on polyculture of tiger shrimp and carps in fresh water, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Fisheries College and Research Institute, Thothukudi. p. 1-161.

Rehman, A., Iqbal, T., Ayaz, S., and Rehman, H. U. (2013). Investigations of heavy metals in different medicinal plants. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 3(8), 072-074.

Siraj, M., Khisroon, M., and Khan, A. (2015). Bioaccumulation of Heavy Metals in Different Organs of Wallago attu from River Kabul Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Biological Trace Element Research, 172(1), 242–250. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-015-0572-4

Svobodová, Z. and B. Vykusová. (1993). Determining the maximum limit concentrations of substances in water from the point of view of fish culture requirements. Research Institute of Fish Culture and Hydrobiology, Vodňany.

Swarna Das, S., Hossain, K., Mustafa M, G., Parvin, A., Saha, B., Rani Das, P., and Moniruzzaman, M. (2017). Physico-chemical Properties of Water and Heavy Metals Concentration of Sediments, Feeds and Various Farmed Tilapia (Oreochoromis niloticus) In Bangladesh. Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal, 08(04). https://doi.org/10.4172/2150-3508.1000232

Tchounwou, P. B., Yedjou, C. G., Patlolla, A. K., and Sutton, D. J. (2012). Heavy metal toxicity and the environment. Molecular, clinical and environmental toxicology: volume 3: environmental toxicology, 133-164.

Yohannes, Y. B., Ikenaka, Y., Nakayama, S. M., Saengtienchai, A., Watanabe, K., and Ishizuka, M. (2013). Organochlorine pesticides and heavy metals in fish from Lake Awassa, Ethiopia: Insights from stable isotope analysis. Chemosphere, 91(6), 857-863.

World Health Organization. (1984). Drinking-Water Quality. Weekly Epidemiological Record= Relevé épidémiologique hebdomadaire, 59(33).

Waheed, S., Kamal, A. and Malik, R.N. (2014). Human health risk from organ-specific accumulation of toxic metals and response of antioxidants in edible fish species from Chenab River, Pakistan. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., 21: 4409-4417. https://doi. org/10.1007/s11356-013-2385-3

Zhao, H., Xia, B., Fan, C., Zhao, P., and Shen, S. (2012). Human health risk from soil heavy metal contamination under different land uses near Dabaoshan Mine, Southern China. Science of the Total Environment, 417, 45-54.




How to Cite

N. . Mustafa and A. H. . Chowdhury, “HEAVY METAL CONTENT IN WATER AND SEDIMENT OF SHRIMP FARMS OF SATKHIRA, BANGLADESH”, Khulna Univ. Stud., pp. 78–87, Sep. 2023.

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.