• Kaniz Fatima Mohsin Economics Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna 9208, Bangladesh
  • Tarana Ferdousi Economics Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna 9208, Bangladesh



Floating cultivation, livelihood practice, natural disaster


The aim of the study is to find out the role of floating cultivation on livelihood practice of coastal people in Bangladesh. Floating cultivation, locally termed as vashomanchash, is an indigenous cropping technique that the farmers of the coastal belt are widely practicing in submerged land. This study is confined in Barishal district. Two unions namely Illuhar and Bishwarkandi from Banaripara Upazila of the district were selected as the study area. The sample size is 80 and all of them were purposively selected, who are engaged in floating cultivation in the study area. In measuring the role of floating cultivation on livelihood practice, Sustainable Livelihood Framework was used proposed by Ian Scoones (1998). In identifying the motivational factor to be engaged in floating cultivation, weighted mean index has been calculated. The study found that most of the surveyed farmers (60 percent) of the area learnt the floating cultivation technique as an indigenous practice. Half of the surveyed farmers opined that the land in the area remains submerged for 5-7 months a year. About one-third of the sampled farmers produce rice, while another one-third keep the land fallow when the water is drained out. The main reason for being engaged in floating cultivation, as identified by the farmers is that floating cultivation provides income during disaster when all other livelihood options are mostly unavailable. The cost incurred in a season is about BDT 1000 for10floating beds whereas the corresponding income is about BDT 2000 per month from 10 floating beds. This profitability induces the farmers to engage in floating cultivation. The sustainability of a livelihood can be measured by outcome variables like the capability of the livelihood in creation of man days, poverty reduction, adaptive capacity and the preservation of the natural resource base. Considering these outcome variables, it could be concluded that this indigenous practice of floating cultivation is creating man days during disaster and thus assuring certain and uninterrupted income for the rural people which ultimately might have notable impact on poverty reduction, specifically in disaster period. Accordingly, this practice of floating cultivation could be replicated in other waterlogged areas in the country.


Download data is not yet available.


BARC, (1991), ‘Agro-ecological Database’, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC), Dhaka,


BBS, (2015), Labor Force Survey-2013, Available at: http://www.8008/ WebTestApplication/ userfiles/Image/LatestReports/LabourForceSurvey.2013.pdf, (Accessed on 21 February 2017).

Davies, S. (1996), Adaptable Livelihoods: Coping with Food Insecurity in the Malian Sahel, Macmillan, London, UK.

DFID, (1999), Sustainable Livelihood Guidance Sheet (DFID) [online], Available at:, (Accessed on 28 February 2017).

IGES, (2008),Climate Change Policies in the Asia-Pacific: Re-uniting Climate Change and Sustainable Development, IGES White Paper, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES).Kanagawa, Japan.

IPCC, (2001),Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, p.1032.

Irfanullah, H. M. and Adrika, A. (2008), Introduction of Floating Garden in the North-eastern Wetlands of Bangladesh for Nutritional security and Sustainable Livelihood, Renewable Agriculture and Food System, p.23.

Irfanullah, H., M., Azad, M., A., K., Kamruzzaman, M. and Wahed, M., A. (2011), Floating Garden in Bangladesh: A Means to Rebuild Life after Devastating Flood, Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 10(1): 31-38.

Islam, T. and Atkins, P. (2007), Indigenous Floating Cultivation: A Sustainable Agricultural Practice in the Wetlands of Bangladesh. Development in Practice, 4(1): 130–136, Available at: < publications/indigenous-floatingcultivation-a-sustainable-agricultural-practicein-the-wetl-130828> (Accessed on 20 February 2017).

Karim, Z. (2011),Assessment of Investment and Financial Flows to Adapt to the Climate Change Effects in the Agricultural Sector, Government of People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

Mahmud, M., I., Mia, A., J., Uddin, M., R., Rahman, M., M. and Rahman, M., H. (2017), Assessment on Seasonal Variations Waterlogging Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques in Satkhira District in Bangladesh, Barisal University Journal, Part 1, 4(1):67-80

Oxfam International, (2009), ‘Climate Change Adaptation Practice in Thirty Agro ecological Zones (AZEs) of Bangladesh, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Pantanella, E., Cardarelli, M., Danieli, P.P., MacNiven, A. and Colla, G. (2011). Integrated Aquaculture – Floating Agriculture: Is it a Valid Strategy to Raise Livelihood? International Society for Horticulture Science,921: 79-86.

Noble, N. (2006), Floating Gardens in Bangladesh,Practical Action Technical Brief, Practical Action, United Kingdom, 33(4): 60-62.

Saha, S., K. (2010), Soilless Cultivation for Landless People: An Alternative Practice through Indigenous Hydroponic Agriculture in Flood-prone Bangladesh, Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, pp.139-152.

Savci, S. (2012), An Agricultural Pollutant: Chemical Fertilizer, International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, 3(1): 77-80

Scoones, I. (1998) Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: A Framework for Analysis, IDS Working Paper 72, Brighton: IDS.




How to Cite

K. F. . Mohsin and T. . Ferdousi, “ROLE OF FLOATING CULTIVATION ON RURAL LIVELIHOOD PRACTICE OF COASTAL BANGLADESH”, Khulna Univ. Stud., pp. 89–102, Dec. 2019.



Social Sciences

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.