• Mohammed Ziaul Haider Economics Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna-9208, Bangladesh
  • Md. Rifat Riaz Economics Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna-9208, Bangladesh



Solid waste, management, municipality, Bangladesh


Proper solid waste disposal is very important for the nature itself and its’ inhabitants. However, a study covering various aspects of solid waste management including management practices, prevailing problems and possible solutions are scarce in the literature. Accordingly, this study investigates a municipality of Bangladesh to understand the practices, problems and probable solutions of solid waste management. The dwellers of the surveyed municipality throw solid waste in various places like dustbin, drain, roadside and other crude dumping sites. Only about one-fourth of the respondents throw wastes to designated dustbins. More than half of the respondents don’t have knowledge about proper disposal of solid wastes. The study findings indicate that the survey respondents throw waste throughout the whole day. More than 80 percent of the respondents are either dissatisfied or highly dissatisfied with the existing solid waste management services of the municipality. The data indicate that about two-third of the respondents are willing to pay for improving the waste disposal system. The respondents informed that they are affected by various diseases such as diarrhea, pneumonia, asthma, and bronchitis during the last one year which they perceive as the outcome of improper solid waste management. Therefore, this study suggests for awareness development, time management of waste disposal, establishment of more disposal and collection points, employment of more manpower and vehicles, introduction of the ‘door to door’ waste collection mechanism, segregation of industrial and clinical wastes for ensuring a better managed solid waste disposal system in the municipality.


Download data is not yet available.


Ahmed, A., & Quader, M. A. (2011). Environmental aspects of solid waste management: A case study of Narayanganj city. ASA Univ. Rev, 5(1), 133-143.

Ahmed, M.F. (1994). Environmental and Sustainable Development. In: Proceedings of National Seminar on Sustainable Development in Bangladesh: Issues and Options, held during the 38th Annual Convention of the Institution Engineers Bangladesh (IEB), January 1994. Dhaka: 18-21.

Ahmed, S. A., & Ali, S. M. (2006). People as partners: Facilitating people's participation in public–private partnerships for solid waste management. Habitat International, 30(4), 781-796.

Banga, M. (2011). Household knowledge, attitudes and practices in solid waste segregation and recycling: the case of urban Kampala. Zambia Social Science Journal, 2(1), 4.

Barmon, B. K., Mohiuddin, K., Islam, G. E., & Laila, N. (2015). Willingness to pay for solid waste management system in Dhaka City, Bangladesh: a socio-economic analysis. East West Journal of Business and Social Studies 4, 29-52.

Bhattarai, K. (2015). Households’ willingness to pay for improved solid waste management in Banepa municipality, Nepal. Environment and Natural Resources Journal, 13(2), 14-25.

Bruvoll, A. (2001). Factors influence solid waste generation and management. Journal of solid waste technology and management, 27(3), 156-162.

Farzana, F., & Kabir, M. A. (2004). Development of An Integrated GIS Based Methodology for the Selection of Solid Waste Disposal Sites for Khulna City. Khulna University Studies, 4(2), 725-731.

Hamer, G. (2003). Solid waste treatment and disposal: effects on public health and environmental safety. Biotechnology advances, 22(1-2), 71-79.

Kassim, S. M., & Ali, M. (2006). Solid waste collection by the private sector: Households’ perspective—Findings from a study in Dar es Salaam city, Tanzania. Habitat international, 30(4), 769-780.

McDougall, F. R., White, P. R., Franke, M., & Hindle, P. (2001). Integrated solid waste management: a life cycle inventory. John Wiley & Sons.

Memon, M.A. (2002). Solid waste management in Dhaka Bangladesh, Innovation in community driven composting. Analysis of community based initiative for solid waste management 23(3): 39-42.

Murtaza, G. (2002). Solid Waste Management in Khulna City. Plan Plus. 1(1): 6-15.

Saifullah, A. Z. A., & Islam, M. T. (2016). Municipal solid waste (MSW) management in Dhaka City, Bangladesh. American Journal of Engineering Research, 5(2), 88-100.

Sarker, B. C., Sarker, S. K., Islam, M. S., & Sharmin, S. (2012). Public awareness about disposal of solid waste and its impact: a study in Tangail Pourashava, Tangail. Journal of Environmental Science and Natural Resources, 5(2), 239-244.

Schertenleib, R., & Meyer, W. (1992). Synergetic effects of municipal solid waste collection, recycling and disposal. International Reference Center for Waste Disposal (IRCWD) News. 26(2): 62-65.

Sheheli, S. (2007). Waste disposal and management system in rural areas of mymensingh. Progressive Agriculture, 18(2), 241-246.

Sobhan, N., Ahmad, M., Baten, M. A., Sultana, N., & Hossen, M. S. (2013). Study on source separation of wastage and its management on the households in some selected wards of Mymensingh municipality. Journal of Environmental Science and Natural Resources, 6(2), 79-82.

XM. (2012). Annual Report of Conservancy Department. ‘X’ Municipality (XM), Bangladesh.

Zahur, M. (2007). Solid waste management of Dhaka city: public private community partnership. BRAC University Journal. IV(2): 93-97.

Yousuf, T. B., & Rahman, M. (2007). Monitoring quantity and characteristics of municipal solid waste in Dhaka City. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 135(1), 3-11.

Zohoori, M., & Ghani, A. (2017). Municipal solid waste management challenges and problems for cities in low-income and developing countries. International Journal of Science and Engineering Applications 6(02): 39-48.

Zurbrugg, C. (2002). Urban solid waste management in low-income countries of Asia how to cope with the garbage crisis. Presented for: Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) Urban Solid Waste Management Review Session, Durban, South Africa, 1-13.




How to Cite

M. Z. . Haider and M. R. . Riaz, “MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN BANGLADESH: A STUDY OF X MUNICIPALITY”, Khulna Univ. Stud., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 37–43, Aug. 2021.



Social Sciences

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>