• Qazi A. Mowla Architecture Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna –9208, Bangladesh



Geo-physics; Climate; Architecture; Structure; Stresses


Investigation was carried out to see the effect of natural forces, specially wind, rain and earthquake etc. on the Architecture of a region with special reference to Bangladesh. The buildings are subjected to great many different and often severe stresses during their lifetime. Some of these stresses are inherent in the structure, others ore imposed from outside. Natural forces are outside stresses imposed on the buildings. Nature of the geo-physical forces that may act upon the building have been reviewed. Relevant data is also collected from appropriate sources to evaluate and suggest required measures to tackle the situation.


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Dunn, G.E. & Miller, B.I., 1969. Atlantic Hurricanes. Louisiana State University Press.

Morris & Krieger, 1978. Homeowners Encyclopedia of House Construction, McGraw Hill, N.Y.

Mowla, K.G., 1969. A Scientific Note on the Nor’wester of 14 April, 1969 in East Pakistan. Prepared on the request of the then Government of Pakistan.

Mowla, K.G., 1976. Climate and Desertification. Paper presented on behalf of the Government of Bangladesh in a seminar on Desertification at Nairobi, Kenia.

Mowla, K.G., 1967. Tropical Storms and its effect on the People of East Pakistan. Presented at a seminar arranged by the Bureau of National Reconstruction, Lahore, Pakistan.

Mowla, Q.A., 1985. An Appraisal of Architecture in Dhaka with reference to its Thermal Performance. In: Robert Powell (ed.), Regionalism in Architecture - Exploring Architecture in Islamic Cultures. Published for AKAA, Switzerland by Concept Media Ptv. Ltd. Singapore, pp. 126-135.

Mowla, Q.A., 1986. Cyclonic Surge Resistant Structures in Bangladesh. Paper presented at a Workshop on Typhoon Resistant Housing, Manila, Philippines, December, 1986.




How to Cite

Q. A. . Mowla, “GEO-PHYSICAL FORCES AND ARCHITECTURE”, Khulna Univ. Stud., pp. 45–55, May 1999.



Science & Engineering

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