A SPATIAL MODEL TOWARDS RENEWABLE ENERGY AND WATER SAFE VILLAGE

Authors

  • Afroza Parvin Architecture Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna-9208, Bangladesh
  • Sumaiya Rahman Piashi Architecture Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna-9208, Bangladesh
  • Antu Das Architecture Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna-9208, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53808/KUS.2022.ICSTEM4IR.0257-se

Keywords:

Renewable energy, Water security, Physical-spatial considerations, Sustainable rural transformation

Abstract

The increasing consumption of non-renewable energy and consequent global warming calls for use of renewable energy at scale. Bangladesh is moving toward ensuring renewable energy for all households by 2025 and has already been ranked 2nd in the world in providing off-grid solar home systems. Yet, national energy generation is largely dependent on fossil fuels and covers about one-third of the rural households. Driven by thriving economic development, villages of Bangladesh are experiencing rapid socio-economic-spatial transformation. However, most of the rural population lives with short of energy and safe water which is the main obstacle in sustainable transformation of rural settlements. To compensate for this shortage, they rely on traditional renewal energy sources such as biomass and solar energy to meet their daily needs. Regarding this energy-water scenario, this research aims to explore the potential of planning renewable energy integrated homestead from a physical-spatial design perspective taking a typical village as the case. With a multidisciplinary-exploratory approach the research is designed with a two-fold methodological framework: 1) investigation of existing energy status (consumption, needs and affordability) and water security (usage, sources and quality); 2) mapping spatial patterns of available energy and water services; and 3) exploration of existing homestead morphology to examine the scope of integrating renewable energy and rainwater harvesting systems in an efficient and cost-effective manner. Based on the triangulation of findings from these investigations, the research develops a Renewable Energy and Safe Water Integrated Spatial Model towards sustainable transformation of rural settlements.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Action, P. (2016). Poor people's energy outlook 2016: National energy access planning from the bottom up. Practical Action Publishing.

Alam, A. F. M. A., Asad, R., & Enamul Kabir, Md. (2016). Rural settlements dynamics and the prospects of densification strategy in rural Bangladesh. SpringerPlus, 5(1), 254. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40064-016-1883-4

Baten, M. Z., Amin, E. M., Sharin, A., Islam, R., & Chowdhury, S. A. (2009). Renewable energy scenario of Bangladesh: Physical perspective. 2009 1st International Conference on the Developements in Renewable Energy Technology (ICDRET). https://doi.org/10.1109/icdret.2009.5454220

Chowdhury, M. (2015). Present Scenario of Renewable and Non-Renewable Resources in Bangladesh: A Compact Analysis. Business and Economics Journal, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.4172/2151-6219.1000134

Chowdhury, S. (2016). Design & estimation of rooftop grid-tied solar photovoltaic system. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.17599.00168

Cloke, J., Mohr, A. and Brown, E. (2017). Imagining renewable energy: Towards a Social Energy Systems approach to community renewable energy projects in the Global South. Energy Research & Social Science, 31, 263-272.

Dincer, I., & Acar, C. (2015). A review on clean energy solutions for better sustainability: A review on clean energy solutions for better sustainability. International Journal of Energy Research, 39(5), 585-606. https://doi.org/10.1002/er.3329

Gazette, B. (1996). National Energy Policy. Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka.

Hiremath, R. B., Kumar, B., Balachandra, P., Ravindranath, N. H., & Raghunandan, B. N. (2009). Decentralised renewable energy: Scope, relevance and applications in the Indian context. Energy for Sustainable Development, 13(1), 4-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esd.2008.12.001

Islam, M., Shahir, S., Uddin, T., & Saifullah, A. (2014). Current energy scenario and future prospect of renewable energy in Bangladesh. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 39, 1074-1088. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.rser.2014.07.149

Islam, R., Nazrul Islam, M., & Nazrul Islam, M. (2017). Evaluation of Solar Home System (SHS) implementation in Harirampur subdistrict. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 69, 1281-1285. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.12.043

Islam, S. (2019). A review on recent growth of electrical power generation and power demand in Bangladesh and some suggestions for combating the upcoming challenges. Energy Procedia, 160, 60-67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2019.02.119

Khanna, R. (2020). Biomass fuel and cataract: An unrecognized epidemic. Indian Journal Of Ophthalmology, 68(7), 1500. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijo.ijo_159_20

Kojima, M., & Trimble, C. (2016). Making power affordable for Africa and viable for its utilities. World Bank, Washington, DC. https://doi.org/10.1596/25091

Parvin, A. (Ed.) (2019). Envisioning Ru-Ban: Socio-Spatial Re-Vitalization Along Kumar Nod in Faridpur. Dhaka: UDD & ArchKU.

Paul, P., Swadhin, H., Tushi, T., Das, B., Bairagi, M., & Habiba, M. (2022). The Pros and Cons of Selective Renewable Energy Technologies for Generating Electricity in the Perspective of Bangladesh: A Survey-Based Profiling of Issues. European Journal of Energy Research, 2(2), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.24018/ ejenergy.2022.2.2.33

Poggi, F., Firmino, A., & Amado, M. (2018). Planning renewable energy in rural areas: Impacts on occupation and land use. Energy, 155, 630-640. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2018.05.009

Power Division, “Renewable Energy Policy of Bangladesh,” Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources, Government of Bangladesh, Dhaka, 2008. https://www.iea.org/media/pams/ bangladesh/Bangladesh_RenewableEnergyPolicy_2008.pdf

Rühl, C. (2013). BP Global Energy Outlook 2030. Voprosy Ekonomiki, 5, 109-128. https://doi.org/10.32609/ 0042-8736-2013-5-109-128

Shaibur, M., Parvin, S., Ahmmed, I., Rahaman, M., Das, T., & Sarwar, S. (2021). Gradients of salinity in water sources of Batiaghata, Dacope and Koyra Upazila of coastal Khulna district, Bangladesh. Environmental Challenges, 4, 100152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envc.2021.100152

Stoeglehner, G. (2020). Integrated spatial and energy planning: a means to reach sustainable development goals. Evolutionary and Institutional Economics Review, 17(2), 473-486. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40844-020-00160-7

Sumon F. R., Abul Kalam A K M, (2014). Rainwater Harvesting and the Scope of Enhancing Ground Water Table in Dhaka City. Dhaka Metropolitan Development Area and Its Planning Problems, Issues and Policies. Bangladesh Institute of Planners (BIP) Available through: http://www.bip.org.bd/ journalBook/44.

Uddin, M., Rahman, M., Mofijur, M., Taweekun, J., Techato, K., & Rasul, M. (2019). Renewable energy in Bangladesh: Status and prospects. Energy Procedia, 160, 655-661. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.egypro.2019.02.218

Wazed, M. A., & Ahmed, S. (2008). Micro hydro energy resources in bangladesh: A review (SSRN Scholarly Paper ID 1502382). Social Science Research Network. https://papers.ssrn.com/abstract=1502382

Downloads

Published

01-12-2022

How to Cite

[1]
A. . Parvin, . S. R. . Piashi, and . A. . . Das, “A SPATIAL MODEL TOWARDS RENEWABLE ENERGY AND WATER SAFE VILLAGE”, Khulna Univ. Stud., pp. 993–1006, Dec. 2022.

Similar Articles

<< < 20 21 22 23 24 25 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.