ASSESSING THE READINESS LEVEL OF RMG SECTOR OF BANGLADESH TOWARDS IMPLEMENTING INDUSTRY 4.0

Authors

  • Chowdury M Luthfur Rahman Department of Industrial and Production Engineering (IPE), Shahjalal University of Science and Technology (SUST), Sylhet-3114, Bangladesh.
  • Misbah Uddin Syed 1Department of Industrial and Production Engineering (IPE), Shahjalal University of Science and Technology (SUST), Sylhet-3114, Bangladesh.
  • Nurul Alam Fahim Department of Industrial and Production Engineering (IPE), Shahjalal University of Science and Technology (SUST), Sylhet-3114, Bangladesh.
  • Md Rasel Mia Department of Industrial and Production Engineering (IPE), Shahjalal University of Science and Technology (SUST), Sylhet-3114, Bangladesh.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53808/KUS.2023.20.02.965-se

Keywords:

Industry 4.0, Physical system, Ready-made garments, Digitization, Readiness assessment, Investment cost.

Abstract

Industry 4.0 is considered as the fourth industrial revolution (4IR) and involves virtual and physical systems that are interconnected and collaborative in an autonomous way. The ready-made garments (RMG) sectors in Bangladesh have been undergoing a transition that encompasses the digitization of garment production processes. This research work provides the readiness assessment of the RMG sector of Bangladesh regarding industry 4.0 deployment. Industry 4.0 is a relatively advanced theory within the RMG factories, and it promotes the interest on how to make utilization of technologies included in the idea and take benefit from them as well. The study dilemma is that there is a limited amount of readiness assessments available that cover problems of interest. The research question has been created to assess the readiness level of the RMG sector in Bangladesh with regard to the application of Industry 4.0. The data collection and analysis techniques were adopted from the IMPULS model which is a foundation of the German Engineering Federation, VDMA (Verband Deutscher Maschinen- und Anlagenbau). The quantitative method of the IMPULS model was modified to address the study issue accordingly. The findings demonstrate that RMG factories are rated no higher than level two out of six levels (0-5). It indicates that they are in the emerging state of implementing Industry 4.0 and facing significant challenges, particularly in strategy formation and facility infrastructure to fulfill the demands of Industry 4.0. The conclusion is that a great portion of RMG factories of Bangladesh is at the beginner level. The beginner level is comparable to level 1, which indicates a low level of readiness. Lack of knowledge, limited government help, poor infrastructure, cheap labor availability, and high initial investment costs could all be the contributing factors toward a lower level of readiness.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alcácer, V., & Cruz-Machado, V. (2019). Scanning the Industry 4.0: A Literature Review on Technologies for Manufacturing Systems. Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal, 22(3), 899–919. https://doi.org/10.1016/JESTECH.2019.01.006

As-Saber, S., Wilson, B., Waheduzzaman, W., & Islam, S., (2016). Bangladesh RMG Roadmap. In BGMEA. ISBN: 978-984-34-0606-4

Axmann, B., & Harmoko, H. (2020). Industry 4.0 Readiness Assessment: Comparison of Tools and Introduction of New Tool for SME. Tehnički Glasnik, 14(2), 212–217. https://doi.org/10.31803/

Bahrin, M. A. K., Othman, M. F., Azli, N. H. N., & Talib, M. F. (2016). Industry 4.0: A Review on Industrial Automation and Robotic. Jurnal Teknologi, 78(6–13), 137–143. https://doi.org/10.11113/JT.V78.9285

Bari, A. B. M. M., Habib, A., & Akash, M. H. (2021). Assessment of the Elements of Industry 4.0 in Terms of their Implementation Potentials: In the Context of the Ready-Made-Garment Industries of Bangladesh. Proceedings of the International Conference on Industrial & Mechanical Engineering and Operations Management (IMEOM), Dhaka, Bangladesh, December 26-27, 2021

Berawi, M. A. (2018). Utilizing big data in industry 4.0: Managing competitive advantages and business ethics. International Journal of Technology, 9(3), 430–433. https://doi.org/10.14716/IJTECH.V9I3.1948

Cleverism. (2018). Industry 4.0: Definition, design principles, challenges and the future of employment. Retrieved November 17, 2020 from https://www.cleverism.com/industry-4-0/

Coronado, P. D. U., Lynn, R., Louhichi, W., Parto, M., Wescoat, E., & Kurfess, T. (2018). Part data integration in the Shop Floor Digital Twin: Mobile and cloud technologies to enable a manufacturing execution system. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 48, 25–33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmsy.2018.02.002

Dr. Karl Lichtblau, Prof. Volker Stich, Dr.-Ing., Dr. Roman Bertenrath, Matthias Blum, Martin Bleider, Agnes Millack, Katharina Schmitt, Edgar Schmitz, M. S. (2015). Industrie 4.0 readiness. Cologne Institute for Economic Research (IW), Frankfurt. https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2010.02.038

Drath, R., & Horch, A. (2014). Industrie 4.0: Hit or hype? [Industry Forum]. IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine, 8(2), 56–58. https://doi.org/10.1109/MIE.2014.2312079

Gilchrist, A. (2016). Introducing Industry 4.0., June 2016, DOI:10.1007/978-1-4842-2047-4_13

In book: Industry 4.0 (pp. 195-215), Berkeley, CA.

Hofmann, E., & Rüsch, M. (2017). Industry 4.0 and the current status as well as future prospects on logistics. Computers in Industry, 89, 23–34. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.COMPIND.2017.04.002

Hossian, M. S., Kabir, R., & Latifee, E. H. (2019). Export Competitiveness of Bangladesh Readymade Garments Sector. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478), 8(3), 45–63. https://doi.org/10.20525/IJRBS.V8I3.205

Industry 4.0: 7 Real-World Examples of Digital Manufacturing in Action - AMFG. (n.d.). Retrieved November 15, 2020, from https://amfg.ai/2019/03/28/industry-4-0-7-real-world-examples-of-digital-manufacturing-in-action/

Islam, M. A., Jantan, A. H., Hashim, H. B., Chong, C. W., Abdullah, M. M., Rahman, M. A., & Abdul Hamid, A. B. (2018). Fourth industrial revolution in developing countries: A case on Bangladesh. Journal of Management Information and Decision Sciences, 21(1), 1–9.

Iyer, A. (2018). Moving from Industry 2.0 to Industry 4.0: A case study from India on leapfrogging in smart manufacturing. Procedia Manufacturing, 21, 663–670. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PROMFG.2018.02.169

Lasi, H., Fettke, P., Kemper, H. G., Feld, T., & Hoffmann, M. (2014). Industry 4.0. Business and Information Systems Engineering, 6(4), 239–242. https://doi.org/10.1007/S12599-014-0334-4

Likert scale questions, survey and examples | QuestionPro. (n.d.). Retrieved July 15, 2020, from https://www.questionpro.com/article/likert-scale-survey-questions.html

Liu, Y., & Xu, X. (2017). Industry 4.0 and cloud manufacturing: A comparative analysis. Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, Transactions of the ASME, 139(3), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4034667

Lotti, G., Villani, V., Battilani, N., & Fantuzzi, C. (2018). Towards an integrated approach for supporting the workers in Industry 4.0. IEEE, 609–614. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICPHYS.2018.8390775

Maisiri, W., & van Dyk, L. (2019). Industry 4.0 readiness assessment for South African industries. South African Journal of Industrial Engineering, 30(3), 134–148. https://doi.org/10.7166/30-3-2231

Rahman, A. (n.d.). Introducing ‘Industry 4.0’ to Bangladesh. Retrieved June 12, 2020, from https://www.textiletoday.com.bd/introducing-industry-4-0-bangladesh/

Sabine Dall’Omo. (2017). African Digitalization Maturity Report. Siemens Ingenuity for Life.

Saha, P., Talapatra, S., Belal, H.M., Jackson, V., Mason, A., & Durowoju, O. (2023). Examining the viability of lean production practices in the Industry 4.0 era: an empirical evidence based on B2B garment manufacturing sector. Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, ISSN: 0885-8624. https://doi.org/10.1108/JBIM-01-2023-0029

Sharmin, S. (2022). IR 4.0 Readiness of Apparel Industry in Bangladesh. Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Legal Studies, 4(4), 148 – 159. https://doi.org/10.34104/ajssls.022.01480159

Wankhede, V.A. & Vinodh, S. (2023). Benchmarking Industry 4.0 readiness evaluation using fuzzy approaches. Benchmarking: An International Journal, Vol. 30, No. 1, 281-306. https://doi.org/10.1108/BIJ-08-2021-0505

Witkowski, K. (2017). Internet of Things, Big Data, Industry 4.0 – Innovative Solutions in Logistics and Supply Chains Management. Procedia Engineering, 182, 763–769. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PROENG.2017.03.197

Downloads

Published

24-08-2023

How to Cite

[1]
C. M. L. Rahman, M. U. Syed, N. A. . Fahim, and M. R. . Mia, “ASSESSING THE READINESS LEVEL OF RMG SECTOR OF BANGLADESH TOWARDS IMPLEMENTING INDUSTRY 4.0”, Khulna Univ. Stud., pp. 169–182, Aug. 2023.

Issue

Section

Science & Engineering

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.